Botanical Latin Descriptions and Diagnoses

a service of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653
info@vfthomas.com


(updated 12 January 2019)




A description gives one or more character states of one or more characters for a taxon. Taxa below are species.

A diagnosis compares a new taxon (here, a species) with a known one (i.e., one that has been previously described or diagnosed.

Thank you to Tom Hayward, lecturer emeritus in Classical and Medieval Studies at Bates College (Lewiston, Maine), for his help when I find myself struggling with a translation. In the end, however, I accept responsibility for any errors in this glossary or in the associated translations unless I can find some way to blame them on Tom (or on anyone else). Comments and corrections are welcome and should be sent to info@vfthomas.com. Thanks.





Links to translations of botanical Latin descriptions and diagnoses:
   Abies balsamea - see Pinus balsamea
   Abies mariana [Miller, P. 1768. The Gardeners Dictionary, 8th ed., p. ABI–ABI]
   Canna indica [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1] (Page numbers of the 1st edition of Species Plantarum are from the 1957 Ray Society facsimile.)
   Chamaecyparis thyoides - see Cupressus thyoides
   Comptonia peregrina - see Liquidambar peregrina
   Cupressus disticha [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1003
   Cupressus sempervirens [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002]
   Cupressus thyoides [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1003]
   Iris versicolor [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 39]
   Juniperus communis [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1040]
   Liquidambar peregrina [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 999]
   Picea abies - see Pinus abies
   Picea glauca - see Pinus glauca
   Picea mariana - see Abies mariana
   Pinus abies [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002]
   Pinus balsamea [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002]
   Pinus canadensis [Linnaeus, C. 1763. Species Plantarum, 2nd ed., p. 1421]
   Pinus cedrus [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1001]
   Pinus cembra [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000]
   Pinus glauca [Moench, C. 1785. Verzeichniss ausländischer Bäume und Stauden des Lustschlosses Weissenstein bey Cassel, p. 73]
   Pinus larix [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1001]
   Pinus picea [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1001]
   Pinus pinea [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000]
   Pinus strobus [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1001]
   Pinus sylvestris [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000]
   Pinus taeda [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000]
   Taxodium distichum - see Cupressus disticha
   Thuja occidentalis [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002]
   Thuja orientalis [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002]
   Tsuga canadensis - see Pinus canadensis
   Viburnum acerifolium [Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 268]