Botanical Latin Translations

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 9 March 2023)

Pinus pinea L.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus pinea in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile.
   Today: The current name for this species is Pinus pinea L.

original Latin description
Pinus foliis geminis: primordialibus solitariis ciliatis.

English translation
Pinus with leaves two together, the first-formed solitary [and] ciliate.

English translation with commentary
Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
two together, geminis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective geminus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
the first-formed primordialibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective primordialis, -is, -e; agrees with foliis
solitary solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; agrees with foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
ciliate. ciliatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective ciliatus, ciliata, ciliatum; agrees with foliis

For a list of botanical Latin translations, please click here.   To return to the botanical Latin glossary, please click here.