Botanical Latin Translations

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 3 March 2023)

Curcuma longa L.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Curcuma longa in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 2.
   today: The current name for this species is Curcuma longa L.

original Latin description
Curcuma foliis lanceolatis; nervis lateralibus numerosissimis.

English translation
Curcuma with leaves lanceolate; with nerves lateral [and] very numerous.

English translation with commentary
Curcuma Curcuma
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
lanceolate lanceolatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective lanceolatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
with nerves nervis - ablative plural masculine of second declension noun nervus, -i
lateral lateralibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective lateralis, -is, -e; modifies nervis
[and] added for smoother reading
very numerous. numerosissimis - superlative degree, ablative plural neuter of group A adjective numerosus, -a, -um

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