Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 2 April 2023)



Pinus cembra L.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus cembra in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile.
   Today: The current name for this species is Pinus cembra L.


original Latin description
Pinus foliis quinis laevibus.

English translation
Pinus with leaves five together [and] smooth.



English translation with commentary
Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
five together quinis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective quini, -ae, -a; modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
smooth. laevibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective laevis, -is, -e; modifies foliis


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