Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 25 February 2016)





Pinus sylvestris L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1000 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)


Latin description
Pinus foliis geminis: primordialibus solitariis glabris.


Translation
Pinus with a pair of leaves, the first-formed solitary [and] glabrous.



Translation with commentary
Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
two together, geminis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective geminus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
the first-formed [leaves] primordialibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective primordialis, -is, -e; agrees with foliis
solitary solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; agrees with foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
glabrous. glabris - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective glaber, glabra, glabrum; agrees with foliis


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