Ruscaceae - mayflower family
Species that grow without cultivation on Mount Desert Island

compiled by the
Champlain Project - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653

(updated 30 August 2018)

Ruscaceae - mayflower family

Mount Desert Island is home to 5 species in 2 genera. Click on a link below or scroll down for more information.
   Maianthemum (4 species)
      Maianthemum canadense - Canada-mayflower (common1)
      Maianthemum racemosum - feathery false Solomon’s-seal (uncommon)
      Maianthemum stellatum - star-like false Solomon’s-seal (rare)
      Maianthemum trifolium - three-leaved false Solomon’s-seal (occasional)
   Polygonatum (1 species)
      Polygonatum pubescens - hairy Solomon’s-seal (uncommon)

plant habit inflorescence fruit color
Maianthemum erect, arching raceme, panicle, or cluster red, green
Polygonatum arching solitary or paired dark blue, black

Maianthemum (false Solomon’s-seal)
[information to be added]

plant height inflorescence leaf number fruit (berry)
Maianthemum canadense 5–15 cm short raceme 2 or 3 red, speckled
Maianthemum racemosum 30–100 cm panicle 8 or more green, becoming light red
Maianthemum stellatum 30–75 cm unbranched cluster 4 or more green to red, striped with black
Maianthemum trifolium 5–20 cm unbranched cluster (2–)3(–4) green, turning dull red

Maianthemum canadense (Canada-mayflower) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)

Maianthemum racemosum (feathery false Solomon’s-seal) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)

Maianthemum stellatum (star-like false Solomon’s-seal) - [information to be added]

Maianthemum trifolium (three-leaved false Solomon’s-seal) - [information to be added]

Polygonatum (Solomon’s-seal)
[information to be added]

Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon’s-seal) - [information to be added]
(click on an image to enlarge)

   1Frequency designations are from Mittelhauser, Glen H., Linda L. Gregory, Sally C. Rooney, and Jill E. Webber. 2010. The Plants of Acadia National Park. Orono, Maine: The University of Maine Press.