Poaceae - grass family
Species that grow without cultivation on Mount Desert Island

compiled by the
Champlain Project - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653
info@vfthomas.com

(updated 15 April 2017)


Poaceae - grass family

Mount Desert Island is home to 70 species in 37 genera. Click on a link below or scroll down for more information.
   Agrostis (5 species)
      Agrostis canina - dog bentgrass (uncommon1)
      Agrostis capillaris - Rhode Island bentgrass (occasional)
      Agrostis gigantea - redtop bentgrass (common)
      Agrostis scabra - rough bentgrass (occasional)
      Agrostis stolonifera - creeping bentgrass (occasional)
   Alopecurus (1 species)
      Alopecurus pratensis - field meadow-foxtail (occasional)
   Ammophila (1 species)
      Ammophila breviligulata - American beach grass (uncommon)
   Anthoxanthum (2 species)
      Anthoxanthum nitens - vanilla sweet grass (uncommon)
      Anthoxanthum odoratum - large sweet grass (common)
   Arrhenatherum (1 species)
      Arrhenatherum elatius - tall oat grass (uncommon)
   Brachyelytrum (1 species)
      Brachyelytrum aristosum - northern long-awned wood grass (occasional)
   Bromus (3 species)
      Bromus ciliatus - fringed brome (common)
      Bromus inermis - smooth brome (occasional)
      Bromus tectorum - cheat brome (uncommon)
   Calamagrostis (2 species)
      Calamagrostis canadensis - Canada reed grass (common)
      Calamagrostis stricta - neglected reed grass (rare)
   Cinna (1 species)
      Cinna latifolia - slender wood reed (uncommon)
   Dactylis (1 species)
      Dactylis glomerata - orchard grass (occasional)
   Danthonia (2 species)
      Danthonia compressa - flattened oatgrass (rare)
      Danthonia spicata - poverty oatgrass (common)
   Deschampsia (2 species)
      Deschampsia cespitosa - tufted hair grass (occasional)
      Deschampsia flexuosa - wavy hair grass (common)
   Dichanthelium (3 species)
      Dichanthelium acuminatum - hairy rosette-panicgrass (occasional)
      Dichanthelium boreale - northern rosette-panicgrass (uncommon)
      Dichanthelium depauperatum - starved rosette-panicgrass (occasional)
   Digitaria (2 species)
      Digitaria ischaemum - smooth crabgrass (occasional)
      Digitaria sanguinalis - hairy crabgrass (uncommon)
   Echinochloa (1 species)
      Echinochloa crus-galli - barnyard grass (occasional)
   Elymus (3 species)
      Elymus repens - quackgrass (common)
      Elymus trachycaulus - wheatgrass (uncommon)
      Elymus virginicus - common eastern wild-rye (occasional)
   Festuca (3 species)
      Festuca filiformis - fine-leaved sheep fescue (common)
      Festuca ovina - sheep fescue (common)
      Festuca rubra - red sheep fescue (occasional)
   Glyceria (6 species)
      Glyceria borealis - northern manna grass (uncommon)
      Glyceria canadensis - rattlesnake manna grass (occasional)
      Glyceria grandis - American manna grass (uncommon)
      Glyceria laxa - flaccid manna grass (uncommon)
      Glyceria obtusa - Atlantic manna grass (occasional)
      Glyceria striata - fowl manna grass (occasional)
   Hordeum (1 species)
      Hordeum jubatum - fox-tail barley (uncommon)
   Leersia (1 species)
      Leersia oryzoidea - rice cut grass (rare)
   Leymus (1 species)
      Leymus mollis - American lyme grass (occasional)
   Lolium (1 species)
      Lolium perenne - perennial rye grass (uncommon)
   Muhlenbergia (2 species)
      Muhlenbergia glomerata - spike muhly (occasional)
      Muhlenbergia uniflora - bog muhly (occasional)
   Oryzopsis (1 species)
      Oryzopsis asperifolia - white-grained mountain-rice grass (common)
   Panicum (2 species)
      Panicum capillare - witch panicgrass (uncommon)
      Panicum dichotomiflorum - fall panicgrass (rare)
   Phalaris (1 species)
      Phalaris arundinacea - reed canary grass (occasional)
   Phleum (1 species)
      Phleum pratense - common Timothy (common)
   Phragmites (1 species)
      Phragmites australis - common reed (rare)
   Piptatherum (2 species)
      Piptatherum canadense - Canadian mountain-rice grass (rare)
      Piptatherum pungens - short-awned mountain-rice grass (uncommon)
   Poa (6 species)
      Poa annua - annual blue grass (occasional)
      Poa bulbosa - bulbous blue grass ([?])
      Poa compressa - flat-stemmed blue grass (occasional)
      Poa nemoralis - wood blue grass (common)
      Poa palustris - fowl meadow grass (uncommon)
      Poa pratensis - Kentucky blue grass (common)
   Puccinellia (1 species)
      Puccinellia pumila - tundra alkali grass (occasional)
   Schedonorus (1 species)
      Schedonorus pratensis - meadow rye grass (uncommon)
   Schizachyrium (1 species)
      Schizachyrium scoparium - little bluestem (occasional)
   Setaria (2 species)
      Setaria pumila - yellow foxtail (uncommon)
      Setaria viridis - green foxtail (occasional)
   Spartina (3 species)
      Spartina alterniflora - smooth cordgrass (occasional)
      Spartina patens - saltmeadow cordgrass (occasional)
      Spartina pectinata - prairie cordgrass (occasional)
   Torreyochloa (1 species)
      Torreyochloa pallida - pale false manna grass (uncommon)
   Zizania (1 species)
      Zizania aquatica - southern wild rice (uncommon)






Agrostis (bentgrass)
[information to be added]

Agrostis canina (dog bentgrass) - [information to be added]

Agrostis capillaries (Rhode Island bentgrass) - [information to be added]

Agrostis gigantea (redtop bentgrass) - [information to be added]

Agrostis scabra (rough bentgrass) - [information to be added]

Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass) - [information to be added]


Alopecurus (meadow-foxtail)
[information to be added]

Alopecurus pratensis (tuberous grass-pink) - [information to be added]


Ammophila (beach grass)
[information to be added]

Ammophila breviligulata (American beach grass) - [information to be added]
      
(click on an image to enlarge)


Anthoxanthum (sweet grass)
[information to be added]

Anthoxanthum intense (vanilla sweet grass) - [information to be added]

Anthoxanthum odoratum (large sweet grass) - [information to be added]


Arrhenatherum (oat grass)
[information to be added]

Arrhenatherum elatius (tall oat grass) - [information to be added]


Brachyelytrum (wood grass)
[information to be added]

Brachyelytrum aristosum (northern long-awned wood grass) - [information to be added]
   
(click on image to enlarge)


Bromus (brome)
[information to be added]

Bromus ciliatus (fringed brome) - [information to be added]

Bromus inermis (smooth brome) - [information to be added]

Bromus tectorum (cheat brome) - [information to be added]


Calamagrostis (reed grass)
[information to be added]

Calamagrostis canadensis (Canada reed grass) - [information to be added]

Calamagrostis stricta (neglected reed grass) - [information to be added]


Cinna (wood-reed)
[information to be added]

Cinna latifolia (slender wood-reed) - [information to be added]


Dactylis (orchard grass)
[information to be added]

Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)


Danthonia (oatgrass)
[information to be added]

Danthonia compress (flattened oatgrass) - [information to be added]

Danthonia spicata (poverty oatgrass) - [information to be added]


Deschampsia (hair grass)
[information to be added]

Deschampsia cespitosa (tufted hair grass) - [information to be added]

Deschampsia flexuosa (wavy hair grass) - [information to be added]


Dichanthelium (rosette-panicgrass)
[information to be added]

Dichanthelium acuminatum (hairy rosette-panicgrass) - [information to be added]

Dichanthelium boreal (northern rosette-panicgrass) - [information to be added]

Dichanthelium depauperatum (starved rosette-panicgrass) - [information to be added]


Digitaria (crabgrass)
[information to be added]

Digitaria ischaemum (smooth crabgrass) - [information to be added]

Digitaria sanguinalis (hairy crabgrass) - [information to be added]


Echinochloa (barnyard grass)
[information to be added]

Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) - [information to be added]


Elymus ([?])
[information to be added]

Elymus repines (quackgrass) - [information to be added]

Elymus trachycaulus (wheatgrass) - [information to be added]

Elymus virginicus (common eastern wild-rye) - [information to be added]


Festuca (fescue)
[information to be added]

Festuca filiformis (fine-leaved sheep fescue) - [information to be added]

Festuca ovina (sheep fescue) - [information to be added]

Festuca rubra (red fescue) - [information to be added]


Glyceria (manna grass)
[information to be added]

Glyceria borealis (northern manna grass) - [information to be added]

Glyceria canadensis (rattlesnake manna grass) - [information to be added]

Glyceria grandis (American manna grass) - [information to be added]

Glyceria laxa (flaccid manna grass) - [information to be added]

Glyceria obtuse (Atlantic manna grass) - [information to be added]

Glyceria striata (fowl manna grass) - [information to be added]


Hordeum (barley)
[information to be added]

Hordeum jubatum (fox-tail barley) - [information to be added]


Leersia (cut grass)
[information to be added]

Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass) - [information to be added]


Leymus (lyme grass)
[information to be added]

Leymus mollis (American lyme grass) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)


Lolium (rye grass)
[information to be added]

Lolium perenne (perennial rye grass) - [information to be added]


Muhlenbergia (muhly)
[information to be added]

Muhlenbergia glomerata (spike muhly) - [information to be added]

Muhlenbergia uniflora (bog muhly) - [information to be added]


Oryzopsis (mountain-rice grass)
[information to be added]

Oryzopsis asperifolia (white-grained mountain-rice grass) - [information to be added]


Panicum (panicgrass)
[information to be added]

Panicum capillary (witch panicgrass) - [information to be added]

Panicum dichotomiflorum (fall panicgrass) - [information to be added]


Phalaris (canary grass)
[information to be added]

Panicum arundinacea (reed canary grass) - [information to be added]


Phleum (Timothy)
[information to be added]

Phleum pratense (common Timothy) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)


Phragmites (reed)
[information to be added]

Phragmitesaustralis (common reed) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)


Piptatherum (mountain-rice grass)
[information to be added]

Piptatherum canadense (Canadian mountain-rice grass) - [information to be added]

Piptatherum pungens (short-awned mountain-rice grass) - [information to be added]


Poa (blue grass)
[information to be added]

Poa annua (annual blue grass) - [information to be added]

Poa bulbosa (bulbous blue grass) - [information to be added]

Poa compressa (flat-stemmed blue grass) - [information to be added]

Poa nemoralis (wood blue grass) - [information to be added]

Poa palustris (fowl meadow grass) - [information to be added]

Poa pretenses (Kentucky blue grass) - [information to be added]


Puccinellia (alkali grass)
[information to be added]

Puccinellia pumila (tundra alkali grass) - [information to be added]


Schoedonorus (rye grass)
[information to be added]

Schedonorus pretenses (meadow rye grass) - [information to be added]


Schizachyrium (bluestem)
[information to be added]

Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem) - [information to be added]


Setaria (foxtail)
[information to be added]

Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail) - [information to be added]

Setaria viridis (green foxtail) - [information to be added]


Spartina (cordgrass)
[information to be added]

Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) - [information to be added]

Spartina patens (saltmeadow cordgrass) - [information to be added]

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass) - [information to be added]
   
(click on an image to enlarge)


Torreyochloa (manna grass)
[information to be added]

Torreyochloa pallid (pale false manna grass) - [information to be added]


Zizania (wild rice)
[information to be added]

Zizania aquatica (southern wild rice) - [information to be added]


Note:
   1Frequency designations are from Mittelhauser, Glen H., Linda L. Gregory, Sally C. Rooney, and Jill E. Webber. 2010. The Plants of Acadia National Park. Orono, Maine: The University of Maine Press.