Cyperaceae - sedge family
Species that grow without cultivation on Mount Desert Island

compiled by the
Champlain Project - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653
info@vfthomas.com

(updated 2 August 2018)


Cyperaceae - sedge family
[information to be added]

Mount Desert Island is home to 101 species and 1 hybrid in 11 genera that grow without cultivation. Click on a link below or scroll down for more information.
   Bolboschoenuus (1 species)
      Bolboschoenus maritimus - saltmarsh tuber-bulrush (occasional1)
   Bulbostylis (1 species)
      Bulbostylis capillaris - tufted hair-sedge (common)
   Carex (70 species)
      Carex adusta - swarthy sedge (rare)
      Carex albicans - white-tinged sedge (uncommon)
      Carex annectens - yellow-fruited sedge (uncommon)
      Carex appalachica - Appalachian sedge (uncommon)
      Carex arctata - drooping woodland sedge (common)
      Carex argyrantha - silvery-flowered sedge (uncommon)
      Carex atlantica - prickly bog sedge (uncommon)
      Carex aurea - golden-fruited sedge (rare)
      Carex billingsii - Billings’ sedge ([?])
      Carex brunnescens - brownish sedge (occasional)
      Carex buxbaumii - brown bog sedge (rare)
      Carex canescens - hoary sedge (occasional)
      Carex communis - fibrous-rooted sedge (common)
      Carex conoidea - open-field sedge (uncommon)
      Carex crawfordii - Crawford’s sedge (occasional)
      Carex crinita - fringed sedge (occasional)
      Carex cryptolepis - northeastern sedge (occasional)
      Carex cumulata - clustered sedge (common)
      Carex debilis - white-edged sedge (common)
      Carex deweyana - round-fruited short-scaled sedge (uncommon)
      Carex disperma - two-seeded sedge (occasional)
      Carex echinata - star sedge (occasional)
      Carex exilis - coast sedge (occasional)
      Carex flava - yellow-green sedge (uncommon)
      Carex foenea - straw sedge (uncommon)
      Carex folliculata - northern long sedge (occasional)
      Carex gracillima - graceful sedge (common)
      Carex gynandra - nodding sedge (common)
      Carex hormathodes - marsh straw sedge (occasional)
      Carex houghtoniana - Houghton’l;s sedge (uncommon)
      Carex intumescens - greater bladder sedge (occasional)
      Carex lacustris - lake-side sedge (occasional)
      Carex lasiocarpa - woolly-fruited sedge (common)
      Carex laxiflora - broad loose-flowered sedge (uncommon)
      Carex lenticularis - lake shore sedge (uncommon)
      Carex leptalea - bristle-stalk sedge (uncommon)
      Carex leptonervia - nerveless woodland sedge (uncommon)
      Carex limosa - mud sedge (uncommon)
      Carex lucorum - Blue Ridge sedge (common)
      Carex lupulina - hop sedge ([?])
      Carex lurida - sallow sedge (occasional)
      Carex magellanica - boreal bog sedge (occasional)
      Carex merritt-fernaldii - Merritt Fernald’s sedge (rare)
      Carex nigra - smooth black sedge (occasional)
      Carex normalis - greater straw sedge (uncommon)
      Carex novae-angliae - New England sedge (common)
      Carex oligosperma - few-seeded sedge (uncommon)
      Carex ormostachya - necklace spike sedge (rare)
      Carex paleacea - chaffy sedge (occasional)
      Carex pallescens - pale sedge (common)
      Carex pauciflora - few-flowered sedge (occasional)
      Carex projecta - necklace sedge (occasional)
      Carex pseudocyperus - cypress-like sedge (uncommon)
      Carex radiata - eastern star sedge (rare)
      Carex scabrata - eastern rough sedge (uncommon)
      Carex scoparia - pointed broom sedge (common)
      Carex silicea - sea beach sedge (rare)
      Carex stipata - awl-fruited sedge (common)
      Carex stricta - tussock sedge (occasional)
      Carex tenera - quill sedge (occasional)
      Carex tonsa - shaved sedge (occasional)
      Carex torta - twisted sedge (uncommon)
      Carex trisperma - three-seeded sedge (common)
      Carex umbellata - parasol sedge (rare)
      Carex utriculata - swollen-beaked sedge (occasional)
      Carex vacillans - swinging sedge (rare)
      Carex vesicaria - lesser bladder sedge (occasional)
      Carex viridula - little green sedge (occasional)
      Carex vulpinoidea - common fox sedge (uncommon)
      Carex wiegandii - Wiegand’s sedge (rare)
   Cladium (1 species)
      Cladium mariscoides - smooth saw-sedge (uncommon)
   Dulichium (1 species)
      Dulichium arundinaceum - three-way sedge (occasional)
   Eleocharis (8 species)
      Eleocharis acicularis - needle spikesedge (occasional)
      Eleocharis aestuum - tidal ([?])
      Eleocharis flavescens - yellow spikesedge (rare)
      Eleocharis obtusa - blunt spikesedge (occasional)
      Eleocharis palustris - common spikesedge (uncommon)
      Eleocharis robbinsii - Robbin’s spikesedge (occasional)
      Eleocharis tenuis - slender spikesedge (uncommon)
      Eleocharis uniglumis - one-glumed spikesedge (occasional)
   Eriophorum (4 species)
      Eriophorum angustifolium - tall cottonsedge (occasional)
      Eriophorum tenellum - few-nerved cottonsedge (occasional)
      Eriophorum vaginatum - tussock cottonsedge (occasional)
      Eriophorum virginicum - tawny cottonsedge (occasional)
   Rhynchospora (3 species)
      Rhynchospora alba - white beaksedge (occasional)
      Rhynchospora capitellata - brownish beaksedge (rare)
      Rhynchospora fusca - brown beaksedge (uncommon)
   Schoenoplectus (4 species and 1 hybrid)
      Schoenoplectus acutus - hard-stemmed bulrush (uncommon)
      Schoenoplectus x tabernaemontani - Schoenoplectus x tabernaemontani ([?])
      Schoenoplectus pungens - three-square bulrush (occasional)
      Schoenoplectus subterminalis - water bulrush (occasional)
      Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani - soft-stemmed bulrush (occasional)
   Scirpus (6 species)
      Scirpus atrocinctus - black-girdled woolsedge (occasional)
      Scirpus atrovirens - dark green woolsedge (occasional)
      Scirpus cyperinus - common woolsedge (common)
      Scirpus hattorianus - mosquito woolsedge (occasional)
      Scirpus microcarpus - barber-pole woolsedge (occasional)
      Scirpus pedicellats - stalked woolsedge (uncommon)
   Trichophorum (2 species)
      Trichophorum alpinum - alpine clubsedge (uncommon)
      Trichophorum cespitosum - tufted clubsedge (occasional)






Bolboschoenus (tuber-bulrush)
[information to be added]

Bolboschoenus maritimus (saltmarsh tuber-bulrush) - [information to be added]


Bulbostylis (hair-sedge)
[information to be added]

Bulbostylis capillaris (tufted hair-sedge) - [information to be added]


Carex (sedge)
[information to be added]

Carex adusta (swarthy sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex albicans (white-tinged sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex annectens (yellow-fruited sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex appalachica (Appalachian sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex arctata (drooping woodland sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex argyrantha (silvery-flowered sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex atlantica (prickly bog sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex aurea (golden-fruited sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex billingsii (Billings’ sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex brunnescens (brownish sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex buxbaumii (brown box sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex canescens (hoary sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex communis (fibrous-rooted sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex conoidea (oopen-field sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex crawfordii (Crawford’s sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex crinita (fringed sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex cryptolepis (northeastern sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex cumulata (clustered sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex debilis (white-edged sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex deweyana (round-fruited short-scaled sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex disperma (soft-leaved sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex echinata (star sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex exilis (meager sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex lava (yellow-green sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex foenea (straw sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex follicular (northern long sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex gracillima (graceful sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex gynandra (nodding sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex hormathodes (marsh straw sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex houghtoniana (Houghton’s sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex intumescens (greater bladder sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex lacustris (lake-side sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex lasiocarpa (woolly-fruited sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex laxiflora (broad loose-flowered sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex lenticularis (lake shore sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex leptalea (bristle-stalk sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex leptonervia (nerveless woodland sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex limosa (mud sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex lucorum (Blue Ridge sedge) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)

Carex lupulina (hop sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex lurida (sallow sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex magellanica (boreal bog sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex merritt-fernaldii (Merritt Fernald’s sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex nigra (smooth black sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex normalis (greater straw sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex novae-angliae (New England sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex oligosperma (few-seeded sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex ormostachya (necklace spike sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex paleacea (chaffy sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex pallescens (pale sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex pauciflora (few-flowered sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex projecta (necklace sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex pseudocyperus (cypress-like sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex radiate (eastern star sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex scabrata (eastern rough sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex scoria (pointed broom sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex silica (sea beach sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex stipata (awl-fruited sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex stricta (tussock sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex tenera (quill sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex tonsa (shaved sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex torta (twisted sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex trisperma (three-seeded sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex umbellata (parasol sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex utriculata (swollen-beaked sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex vacillans (swinging sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex vesicaria (lesser bladder sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex viridula (little green sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex vulpinoidea (common fox sedge) - [information to be added]

Carex wiegandii (Wiegand’s sedge) - [information to be added]


Cladium (saw-sedge)
[information to be added]

Cladium mariscoides (smooth saw-sedge) - [information to be added]


Dulichium (sedge)
[information to be added]

Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge) - [information to be added]
   
(click on an image to enlarge)


Eleocharis (spikesedge)
[information to be added]

Eleocharis acicularis (needle spikesedge) - [information to be added]

Eleocharis aestuum (tidal spikesedge) - [information to be added]

Eleocharis flavescens (yellow spikesedge) - [information to be added]

Eleocharis palustris (common spikesedge) - [information to be added]

Eleocharis robbinsii (Robbin’s spikesedge) - [information to be added]

Eleocharis tenuis (slender spikesedge) - [information to be added]

Eleocharis uniglumis (one-glumed spikesedge) - [information to be added]


Eriophorum (cottonsedge)
[information to be added]

plant height leaves spikelet number perianth bristles achene length
Eriophorum angustifolium to 1 m flat, at least basally;
2–8 mm wide
3–several white 2–3 mm
Eriophorum tenellum 0.3–0.8 m more or less flat;
1–2 mm wide;
channeled
3–6 dingy white [?]
Eriophorum vaginatum 0.1–0.6 m filiform;
approximately 1 mm wide
solitary bright white 2.5–3.5 mm
Eriophorum virginianum 0.4–1.2 m flat;
2–4 mm wide
several tawny 3–3.5 mm

Eriophorum angustifolium (tall cottonsedge) - [information to be added]

Eriophorum tenellum (few-nerved cottonsedge) - [information to be added]

Eriophorum vaginatum (tussock cottonsedge) - [information to be added]

Eriophorum virginicum (tawny cottonsedge) - [information to be added]

(click on image to enlarge)


Rhynchospora (beaksedge)
[information to be added]

Rhynchospora alba (white beaksedge) - [information to be added]

Rhynchospora capitellata (brownish beaksedge) - [information to be added]

Rhynchospora fusca (brown beaksedge) - [information to be added]


Schoenoplectus (bulrush)
[information to be added]

Schoenoplectus acutus (hard-stemmed bulrush) - [information to be added]
   
(click on an image to enlarge)

Schoenoplectus acutus x tabernaemontani (S. acutus x S. tabernaemontani) - [information to be added]

Schoenoplectus pungens (three-square bulrush) - [information to be added]

Schoenoplectus subterminalis (water bulrush) - [information to be added]

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (soft-stemmed bulrush) - [information to be added]


Scirpus (woolsedge)
[information to be added]

Scirpus atrocinctus (black-girdled woolsedge) - [information to be added]

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush) - [information to be added]

Scirpus cyperinus (common woolsedge) - [information to be added]

Scirpus hattorianus (mosquito bulrush) - [information to be added]

Scirpus microcarpus (barber-pole bulrush) - [information to be added]

Scirpus pedicellatus (stalked woolsedge) - [information to be added]


Trichophorum (clubsedge)
[information to be added]

Trichophorum alpinus (alpine clubsedge) - [information to be added]

Trichophorum cespitosum (tufted clubsedge) - [information to be added]


Note:
   1Frequency designations are from Mittelhauser, Glen H., Linda L. Gregory, Sally C. Rooney, and Jill E. Webber. 2010. The Plants of Acadia National Park. Orono, Maine: The University of Maine Press.