Botanical Latin Translations

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 2 April 2023)

Limniris versicolor (L.) Rodion.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Iris versicolor in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 39.
   today: The current name for this species is Limniris versicolor (L.) Rodion.

original Latin description
Iris corollis imberbibus, germinibus subtrigonis, caule tereti, foliis ensiformibus.

English translation
Iris with corollas beardless, with ovaries subtrigonous, with stem terete, [and] with leaves ensiform.

English translation with commentary
Iris Iris
with corollas corollis - ablative plural of first declension feminine noun corolla, -ae
beardless, imberbibus - ablative plural feminine of group B adjective imberbis, -is, -e; modifies corollis
with ovaries germinibus - ablative plural of third declension neuter noun germen, germinis
subtrigonous, subtrigonis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subtrigonus, -a, -um; modifies germinibus
with stem caule - ablative singular of third declension masculine noun caulis, caulis
terete, tereti - ablative singular masculine of group B adjective teres, teres, teres; modifies caule
[and] [added for smoother reading]
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
ensiform. ensiformibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective ensiformis, -is, -e; modifies foliis

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