Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 4 March 2023)

Exacum trinervium (L.) Druce

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Chironia trinervia in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 189.
   today: The current name for this species is Exacum trinervium (L.) Druce

Original Latin description:
Chironia herbacea, calycinis foliolis membranaceo-carinatis.

English translation:
Chironia herbaceous, with calyx leaflets membranaceous-keeled. .

English translation with commentary
Chironia Chironia
herbaceous, herbacea - nominative singular feminine of group A adjective herbaceus, -a, -um; modifies Chironia
with calyx calycinis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective calycinus, -a, -um; modifies foliolis
leaflets foliolis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subemarginatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
membranaceous-keeled. membranaceo-carinatis - combining form of group A adjective membranaceus, -a, -um + ablative plural neuter of group A adjective carinatus, -a, -um; modifies foliolis

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