Botanical Latin Translations

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 4 March 2023)

Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Amomum cardamomum in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1.
   today: The current name for this species is Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

original Latin description
Amomum scapo bracteis alternis laxis caule breviore.

English translation
Amomum with a scape with bracts alternate [and] open, [that (i.e., the scape) is] than the stem shorter.

English translation with commentary
Amomum Amomum
with a scape scapo - ablative singular of 2nd declension masculine noun scapus, -i
with bracts bracteis - ablative plural of 1st declension feminine noun bractea, -ae
alternate alternis - ablative plural feminine of group A adjective alternus, -a, -um; modifies bracteis
[and] added for smoother reading
open laxis - ablative plural feminine of group A adjective laxus, -a, -um; modifies bracteis
[that (i.e., the scape) is] added for smoother reading
than the stem caule - ablative singular of 3rd declension masculine noun caulis, -is
shorter. breviore - ablative singular masculine of comparative degree of group B adjective brevis, -is, -e; modifies scapo

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