Botanical Latin Translations

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 9 April 2023)

Cheiridopsis rostrata (L.) N. E. Br.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Mesembryanthemum rostratum in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 486.
   today: The current name for this species is Cheiridopsis rostrata (L.) N. E. Br.

original Latin description
Mesembryanthemum acaule, foliis semicylindricis connatis externe tuberculatis.

English translation
Mesembryanthemum stemless, with leaves semicylindric, connate, [and] externally tuberculate.

English translation with commentary
Mesembryanthemum Mesembryanthemum
stemless, acaule - nominative singular neuter of group B adjective acaulis, acaulis, acaule; modifies Mesembryanthemum
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
semicylindric, semicylindricis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective semicylindricus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
connate, connatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective connatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
externally externe - adverb; modifies tuberculatis
tuberculate. tuberculatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective tuberculatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis

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