Botanical Latin Translations

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 11 February 2023)

Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Curcuma rotunda in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 2.
   today: The current name for this species is Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf.

original Latin description
Curcuma foliis lanceolato-ovatis; nervis lateralibus rarissimis.

English translation
Curcuma with leaves lanceolate-ovate; with veins lateral [and] very rare.

English translation with commentary
Curcuma Curcuma
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
lanceolate-ovate, lanceolato-ovatis = lanceolato- [combining form of lanceolatus, -a, -um + ablative plural neuter of group A adjective ovatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
with veins nervis - ablative plural masculine of second declension noun nervus, -i
lateral lateralibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective lateralis, -is, -e; modifies nervis
[and] added for smoother reading
very rare. rarissimis - superlative degree, ablative plural neuter of group A adjective rarus, -a, -um; modifies nervis

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