Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 8 March 2023)





Abies alba Mill.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus picea in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1001 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile.
   Today: The current name for this species is Abies alba Mill.


original Latin description
Pinus foliis solitariis emarginatis.

English translation
Pinus with leaves solitary [and] emarginate.



English translation with commentary
Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
solitary solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
emarginate. emarginatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective emarginatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis


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